These small spider like mites tend to thrive in hot and dry conditions. When trees are heavily infested, large amounts of honeydew usually collect on the leaves and on sidewalks, patios, windows and cars under the trees. Densities and species composition. This infection starts in the root system and works its way up the maple tree, resulting in cankers and dieback. Control is generally not recommended for this primarily cosmetic problem on established trees. Maple Gall Mite (Vasates aceriscrummena) Maple Leaf Gall is a red bump or tiny bubble that appears on the top of some maple tree leaves. Can remain on the tree for up to two years. Mites are tiny creatures, about 0.2 mm long, with two pairs of legs. Maple bladder gall mites, Vasates quadripedes, cause more or less round swellings or galls on the upper surface of the leaves of silver maple. Mites begin feeding on male ash trees in the spring before the flower buds fully expand. Unlike the three other galls, this one is caused by a midge (a type of small fly). $Trumba.addSpud({ Early in the spring they migrate to newly expanding leaves and begin to feed. Spruce tree spider mites are dangerous no matter the age of the tree. Treatment is rarely justified. This mite (Tarsonemus acerbilis) lives on the leaves of maple trees, and appear to prey on eriophyid mites that feed on the leaves of sugar maple – therefore it ultimately protects the trees. Although the galls may look dramatic, they actually have very little effect on plant health, even in severe infestations. Velvety, felt-like patches, formed of numerous microscopic galls amid the leaf hairs on the underside of the leaves, occur on sugar, silver and red maple, and occasionally Norway maple. Van de Vrie M (1985): Apple. Due to their small size, they require a hand lens or stereomicroscope to see and identify. Gall mites (Aceria elongates): cause blistered white patches on maple leaves and appear in early spring. That sticky film covering your plant’s leaves? These appear as light green to yellow-green velvet-like patches on the underside of leaves. Application to the lower leaf surface should be made on a warm day in the spring when the leaves are about 1/4 expanded and again 10 days later. The adult mites become active very early in spring, just as buds be-gin to open. Giant galls located commonly on the trunks of trees are usually referred to as burls. The autumn blaze maple tree is actually a cultivar of the silver maple (Acer saccharinum) and red maple (Acer rubrum) and is scientifically known as Acer freemanii. The Missouri Botanical Garden website recommends spraying for eriophyid mites about 7 to 10 days before budbreak and once again at budbreak. Some of the most common are: Verticillium Wilt – Also called maple wilt, this fungus is a common and serious problem that can kill trees. The mites inside your maple bladder galls will eventually reproduce asexually inside the gall, and a new generation of mites will emerge in late June or early July. Maple spider mites are frequent and damaging pests of nursery and landscape maple trees (Acer spp. There are mites that infect poplar trees which produce a woody gall consisting of a colony of mites along a short piece of twig. Following the directions on the product's label, mix 5 to 7 1/2 tablespoons of oil product into 1 gallon of water. Maples are typically planted for shade or used as ornamental trees in large yards. Maple Spindle Galls. Don’t let them take over your tree. The three main types are: These irregular, rounded swellings on the upper surface of the leaves begin green, then turn pink to red and finally change to black. Maple spider mites are frequent and damaging pests of nursery and landscape maple trees (Acer spp. Using a horticultural oil spray can also help treat spider mite populations. An extremely small mite — 1/125 inch long — induces this type of gall. It could also be a result of wet weather, and a fungus rotting the developing seeds – in which case its pretty harmless, if ugly. [Production Note: open with music: 'The falling leaves . You can treat severe infestations if you spray your tree with horticultural oil when the mites are just emerging from their overwintering spots. Mites range from 0.5–2.0 millimeters (mm) in length, making them virtually invisible to the naked eye.. Continue reading to learn how to identify and treat mite bites. There are many home remedies you can do to control, exterminate, and prevent bugs from getting onto your acer tree. The Mightiest of Mites. Damaged leaves can be handpicked to reduce mite populations. . boasts more than 150 different species. Answer: Silver maple trees, as well as some red maples, are very susceptible to these weird leaf deformities created by the maple gall mite, Vasates quadripedes. The galls are yellowish green at first but later become pinkish to red and finally black. Treat spider mites by repeating applications every 7 to 10 days until populations come under control. Gall mites cause ash flower gall, maple bladder gall, spindle galls on maple and linden, velvet galls on maple, along with many other plants. There are several different species of mites that cause different types of galls. Most commonly affected maples include the families of: Acer x freemanii, Acer saccharum, and Acer saccharinum. Spider mites come in a wide variety of colors, including red, yellow, green, and brown. The European red spider mite is a warm season mite and a pest of deciduous shade trees, such as elms and silver maples. A similar type of gall caused by E. negundi occurs on boxelder, and other mites cause this type of gall on different hardwoods. Commonly grown maples include the red maple (Acer rubrum) and the silver maple (Acer saccharinum), both North American natives grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. During hot summer weather, female two-spotted spider mites live about 30 days and produce about 100 eggs. Gall mites cause ash flower gall, maple bladder gall, spindle galls on maple and linden, velvet galls on maple, along with many other plants. There are several damaging maple tree diseases and pests. Several kinds of mites can cause damage to your trees, but the most common one is the spider mite. Defoliators cause the functional loss of leaves, in whole or in part, through destruction of the chlorophyll-bearing tissues. Scorch symptoms are light brown or tan dead areas between leaf veins or around the leaf margins. These attractive trees can add aesthetic value to your landscape, but mite feeding activity occasionally makes the beautiful foliage look unsightly. The mite feeding on the leaf underside forms the colorful galls on the upper surface of the maple leaves. More commonly, an inf… Spider mites thrive in dusty environments, and are frequently found on maples planted near dusty roads, pathways or vegetable gardens. Distribution of the mites on a tree tends to be irregular and more solitary on red maple than on silver maple. Abundance also varies greatly from year to year, with galls appearing sporadically. They then exit through an opening on the underside of the leaf to crawl to newly developing leaves and begin the cycle again if the tree still has new leaf growth. Infestations are often worse on leaves nearest the overwinter sites on the bark. The mites, less than 2mm long, are too small to be seen without magnification. With good care it is less likelly to get problem. Maples are deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees and vary in size. The mites live within the galls. It is most common on silver maple and European cranberry leaves. They typically appear as a rounded or elongate pouch on a slender, short stem or neck (though highly variable). Mites (spider mites, round mites, etc.) Spider mites develop through 5 stages from egg to adult. These mites don’t often affect mature plants. The Eriophyid mites are the causes of spindle galls. Gall mites cause growths or galls to develop on the leaves of red maple trees. spudType : "upcoming" , Can remain on the tree for up to two years. The tiny mites enter the male flower structure in mid to late April before the flower seems open. Eriophyid mites are microscopic pests that overwinter in maple bark crevices and emerge in the spring to feed on the developing foliage. The leaves closest to overwintering sites are most heavily infested. Oak tree leaves with crusted brown edges can indicate oak mites. Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Family Aceraceae (Maple family) Plant identification. Some folks have been coming into our Naperville shop telling us they have something that looks like chicken pox on their plants! The mites get nutrients from the inner gall tissue and are protected from natural enemies (and also pesticides). Eyespot midge galls have bright red and yellow rings around the spherical growth. Galls are solitary, hollow and have a small exit hole on the leaf underside. Maple bladder gall mite. The life cycle is similar to that of the maple bladder gall. Preventing Maple Tree Diseases & Pests. Maple trees have single leaves, while ash have several small leaflets on a central stalk. Gall Mite Treatment & Control Since gall mites cause no real harm to the plants they feed on, treatment is generally not recommended. Occasionally the leaf margins are yellow or chlorotic. There are many species of aphids that will attack maple trees, and it should be re-emphasized, these are not the same species of aphids as are found on other trees, turfgrass, honeysuckle, vegetables or flowers. Galls are initially green but turn brown and more obvious in August to September. As the name implies, mites are so small that they often cannot be seen without the aid of a magnifying glass, which makes identification difficult. Washing maple trees infested with mites with a forceful stream of water often knocks the mites from the tree. Maple Tree Tar Spot. Scorch symptoms tell us that one or more of the following factors are affecting the tree: Chewed edges or holes on maple leaves are usually signs of a caterpillar pest. According to Colorado State University Extension, periodically washing trees with hard streams of water physically removes mites from the tree and is an effective means of control of mild mite infestations. Improper care, such as insufficient watering, may also injure or kill maple trees. Maple bladder gall is a common and well-known leaf gall found on the upper surface of the foliage on silver and red maple trees. .'] You can often detect spider mite populations by the large amounts of fine webbing covering the leaves and twigs. Maple—Acer spp. Thus, maple trees may serve as suitable host plants for some native phytoseiid mites, particularly N. aceri and E. finlandicus. The leaf responds to the small irritation by rapidly producing extra cells that form the abnormal growth at the feeding site. The eggs hatch into whitish-orange, carrot-shaped nymphs with two pairs of legs. Like spiders, they will produce webbing on the plant. Some of the most common are: Verticillium Wilt – Also called maple wilt, this fungus is a common and serious problem that can kill trees. Dear Reader: The “bumps” are the result of mites feeding on the leaves and called maple bladder gall. Why am I finding sticky leaves on outdoor plants or dripping sap from my maple tree leaves? Experimental and Applied Acarology, 12, 35-46. The maple bladdergall mite, V. quadripedes, is a native pest in eastern North America on silver maple, A. saccharinum, and red maple, A. rubrum foliage. Maples do best in cool climates and are not well adapted to southern or desert climates. This is why spider mite populations often build up so rapidly. At this time they head for the trunk and branches to overwinter in roughened areas on the bark, bud scales, or other protected places. These strange swellings are plant galls caused by the feeding of tiny eriophyid mites on newly developing foliage. The 1/5” long galls are about the same diameter as a pencil lead, tapering at both ends. Several types of gall mites attack the red maple, including maple bladder-gall mites and maple spindle-gall mites. Maple—Acer spp. I'm wondering if you can tell from these photos if our maple tree might have fall mites. This mite (Tarsonemus acerbilis) lives on the leaves of maple trees, and appear to prey on eriophyid mites that feed on the leaves of sugar maple – therefore it ultimately protects the trees. Though the health of the host tree is rarely affected, the visual (cosmetic) health of the tree is commonly associated as poor with an infestation. The adult mites become active very early in spring, just as buds begin to open. teaserBase : "https://wimastergardener.org/events/" }); E-mail us with questions about the Master Gardener Program. From the tree experts at NC State University: "CONTROL These galls appear sporadically and do mostly cosmetic damage. We’ll take a look at each of them and cover how to get rid of them from your Japanese maple. When planted in urban environments, maple trees experience health problems caused by air pollution, disturbed soil and high exposure to salt, according to the University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program. Insects Are Infesting My Silver Maple Trees, Cal Poly Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Red Maple, Missouri Botanical Garden: Acer Saccharinum, Missouri Botanical Garden: Eriophyid Mites, UC IPM Online: Gall and Blister Mites (Eriophyid Mites), The Wisconsin Master Gardener Program: Maple Gall Mites, Bonide: All Seasons Horticultural and Dormant Spray Oil Concentrate, Colorado State University Extension: Spider Mites, The Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet: Maple Bladder Gall, Spindle Gall and Gouty Vein Gall, Cherry Trees & Insects That Cause Leaf Damage. Other tarsonemid mites feed on fungi (fungivores), and a few are plant-feeders (herbivores). Optimum conditions for growth. Good afternoon. Do your maple trees have gall mites? Regularly hosing down the dusty areas near your tree can help limit mite populations. These eight-legged arachnids get their name from being closely related to spiders and ticks. Redpointe ® Maple is a rising star on the shade tree horizon. Foliar feeding by this species results in the formation of green or red globular growths that are about 2.5-3 mm in diameter on the upper leaf surface (Figure 2). Each mite species produces slightly different substances, resulting in the different characteristic gall shapes. Because eriophyid gall mites crawl to the bark to spend the winter, trees could then be sprayed to suppress the mites there. It’s the right tree, for the right place, at the right time. Now wait a few minutes to see if some of the specks start to move. Family Aceraceae (Maple family) Plant identification. The tiny mites enter the male flower structure in mid to late April before the flower seems open. These galls, called maple bladder galls, are about 1/8 inch in diameter and are light green at first but then turn red and finally black by the end of the summer. The maple bladder gall mite, Vasates quadripedes (Shimer), is a tiny eriophyid mite that is associated with red, sugar, and silver maples. In hot weather, the generation time may be as short as one week. Tailored for today’s streetscapes and landscapes, it is a heat resistant, vigorous growing, colorful choice for sustainable landscapes. Occasionally the leaf margins are yellow or chlorotic. These adult maple bladder-gall mites overwinter in tree bark crevices and under bud scales. It is caused by dry … They are commonly associated with bacterial infection and insect infestation. Oak tree leaves with crusted brown edges can indicate oak mites. Bumpy growths caused by maple gall mites cover silver maple leaves. This entry was posted in Trees & Shrubs and tagged bugs, eriophyid mite, maple, maple leaves, maple tree gall, maple tree galls, maple tree mites, maple trees, pests, spikes on maple leaves. Spider tree mites are eight-legged arachnids that belong to the same class as spiders and are closely related to ticks. Homeowners are often concerned when they notice the highly conspicuous and sometimes colorful growths and want to do something to correct the problem. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Eriophyid mites that are responsible for the formation of bladder galls and spindle galls feed on the lower leaf surface. Gall Mite Treatment & Control Since gall mites cause no real harm to the plants they feed on, treatment is … We teach, learn, lead and serve, connecting people with the University of Wisconsin, and engaging with them in transforming lives and communities. Answer: Silver maple trees, as well as some red maples, are very susceptible to these weird leaf deformities created by the maple gall mite, Vasates quadripedes. Maple trees have single leaves, while ash have several small leaflets on a central stalk. As the eriophyid mites feed on maple tree tissue, they produce a chemical that combines with the plant hormones to stimulate abnormal plant cell growth. As they feed on the developing leaf tissue, growth regulating chemicals produced by the mites interact with plant hormones causing an abnormal stimulation of cell growth. The affected leaves curl up, turn yellow, look deformed or prematurely fall from the tree. Several kinds of mites can cause damage to your trees, but the most common one is the spider mite. The ¼-3/8” mat-like galls begin light green or yellow-green and often become more conspicuous when they change to a bright red or crimson. Maple spindle galls occur most frequently on the upper surface of sugar maple leaves. Controlling small eriophyid mite populations often requires simply handkpicking or pruning off infested foliage. Maple Gall Mites If you have a maple tree, you may have noticed weird growths on the leaves in some years. Come spring, they start their life … July 13, 2015. ), most commonly Acer rubrum and Acer x freemanii.Adults range from 0.25 to 1 mm in length, have multiple hairs along their back, and are reddish-brown in color. An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin-Madison Division of Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming, including Title VI, Title IX, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act requirements. Maples are deciduous or evergreen shrubs or trees and vary in size. This is primarily a problem on silver maple trees. The autumn blaze maple tree is actually a cultivar of the silver maple (Acer saccharinum) and red maple (Acer rubrum) and is scientifically known as Acer freemanii. Other tarsonemid mites feed on fungi (fungivores), and a few are plant-feeders (herbivores). Mites begin feeding on male ash trees in the spring before the flower buds fully expand. There are several different species of mites that can cause damage to a wide variety of ornamental plants, including deciduous trees and shrubs, evergreens, and garden plants. There may be up to 20 generations in a year depending on the weather. These small, elongated, spindle-shaped growths generally occur on the upper leaf surface. | The mites usually lay clusters of eggs often up to a hundred at a time. For trees with extreme infestations, preventative treatments in very early spring to control overwintering mites – as they begin feeding on the expanding leaves but before the galls have enclosed them – may reduce the incidence of galls but are generally of limited value. These tiny eriophyid mites … It’s true mites are especially dangerous to older trees or ones that are already stressed from other conditions. Often the first sign of a problem is extremely fine webbing produced by certain species of mites. It could also be a result of wet weather, and a fungus rotting the developing seeds – in which case its pretty harmless, if ugly. The leaves might look unattractive, but the mites rarely cause permanent damage to the trees. Red spider mites on your Japanese maple will deteriorate the plant by acting like vampires and extracting all these nutrients. Bookmark the permalink. Although small in size, these galls can grow in such large numbers that affected leaves curl up. This abnormal growth forms the galls that gradually enclose the mites. Due to their small size, they require a hand lens or stereomicroscope to see and identify. The hollow, 1/16 to 1/8 inch structures each containing a single mite are held up on short “stems.” They tend to be more numerous on early spring foliage, especially near the trunk and larger branches. There may be many galls on some trees or parts of trees … Funny enough, these little pests only affect three types of Maple Trees, Red Maple, Sugar Maple, and Whitebark Maple. Because pesticides have limited impact on the mites, it is better to put efforts into good horticultural practices, such as watering and fertilizing, as needed, rather than spraying. They begin a green color and eventually change to tan. Maple bladder galls occur on silver and red maples. They appear as tiny specks that move around on the leaves and are difficult to see. Maple Bladder Galls. But usually the mites and their galls cause little harm. Maple Tree Gall Mites. Minute in size, spider mites range from only 1/20 to … 1. Good afternoon. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. Make sure you thoroughly spray the undersides of leaves where the mites gather to feed. Washing maple trees infested with mites with a forceful stream of water often knocks the mites from the tree. They remain within the galls, feeding on the gall tissue until they have matured into adults, usually within a few weeks. Scorch symptoms are light brown or tan dead areas between leaf veins or around the leaf margins. Leaf Lovers. punctatum. Galls are initially green but turn brown and more obvious in August to September. There may be several generations during a growing season. Optimum conditions for growth. Mite feeding causes the abnormal cell growth that causes gall formation. This red feature is called an erineum. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. According to Colorado State University Extension, periodically washing trees with hard streams of water physically removes mites from the tree and is an effective means of control of mild mite … Maples grow well in areas with full sun to partial shade. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. Connect with your County Extension Office », Find an Extension employee in our staff directory », Get the latest news and updates on Extension's work around the state, Feedback, questions or accessibility issues: [email protected] | © 2020 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Policy | Discrimination and Harassment Complaints | Disability Accommodation Requests | Civil Rights. Galls are present every year, though the abundance varies greatly from year to year and from tree to tree.Maple bladder galls are a "pouch" gall. The mite feeding on the leaf underside forms the colorful galls on the upper surface of the maple leaves. It is just that what you describe sounds like Ash tree flower gall, a common problem caused by a tiny mite. Most insects and mites can be categorized into one of five main groups according to the way in which they injure trees: defolia tors, borers, sucking insects and mites, gall-makers, and root-feeders. The mites live within the galls. The tree probably got the name ‘autumn blaze maple’ because of the attractive and desirable color of its foliage and fruit. There is another less common, but striking, gall that may occur on red maple and sometimes sugar or silver maple. Moving specks means spider mites. webName: "uwexces", The maple family (Acer spp.) ... Spider Mites. Eyespot Midge Gall However, on newly planted trees with less foliage, galls may be a significant stress. The extent of infestations can vary greatly, with large concentrations of galls on some trees or portions of trees, and very little on adjacent trees or the other part of a single tree. Maple Tree Tar Spot. Felt or erineum galls are produced by several species of mites. The threat to the health of the tree is limited or negligible. boasts more than 150 different species. The mites, less than 2mm long, are too small to be seen without magnification. Spider mites are tiny arachnids that feed on maple foliage, with the Pacific spider mite and the twospotted spider mite being the most common culprits. You will not have problem for a while. These strange swellings are plant galls caused by the feeding of tiny erio-phyid mites on newly develop-ing foliage. Once the galls have formed, the mites are protected within the galls, so sprays will not be effective. These mites don’t often affect mature plants. Leaf Scorch: On maple (Acer species) trees a number of problems cause symptoms that are generally classified as leaf scorch. If you see these leaves, avoid sitting or working under these trees. If you still aren’t sure whether you have spider mite tree damage or another problem, try this test. In the early spring the adults move to the developing, unfolding leaves and begin feeding. Adults are reddish-brown and oval-shaped with four rows of spines on the back. These strange swellings are plant galls caused by the feeding of tiny eriophyid mites on newly developing foliage. Caused by the mite Vasates aceriscrumena, this type of gall is found most commonly on sugar maple, but also on red, silver and whitebark maple. Scorch symptoms tell us that one or more of the following factors are affecting the tree: 1. You may have noticed unsightly growths on the leaves of your silver or sugar maple trees this summer. ), most commonly Acer rubrum and Acer x freemanii.Adults range from 0.25 to 1 mm in length, have multiple hairs along their back, and are reddish-brown in color. Spraying your tree with a hard blast of water from your garden hose not only rinses dust from the foliage, but it can also help knock the mites off the tree. Woody galls tend to be very rare on trees in my experience. Heavy infestations may cause leaf deformity. Honeydew is the waste aphids and several other sap-sucking insects leave behind after snacking on sap. . Heavy infestations may deform the leaves or cause premature yellowing and drop. In the spring, these tiny mites emerge from their hiding places under bark, in cracks, or under bud scales and begin feeding on the newly opened leaves of landscape trees. There are several damaging maple tree diseases and pests. These adult maple bladder-gall mites overwinter in tree bark crevices and under bud scales. If you have a maple tree, you may have noticed weird growths on the leaves in some years. These should be applied prior to bud break. Spindle galls (on another plant, not maple). Additional galls are formed on newly developing leaves later in the summer but mites are most active early in the season. Spider mite activity can occur any time after plants leaf out in the spr… Hold a piece of white paper under the tip of a stem with damage. Because the mites overwinter on the host trees, dormant oil sprays can be quite effective (although oil sprays should not be used on sugar maple, Japanese maple and other oil-sensitive trees such as birch, hickory and walnut because of phytotoxicity problems). Although small populations typically don't cause visible damage, large numbers can make the leaves turn stippled, bronze, yellow or red before they fall from the tree prematurely. If you have a maple tree, you may have noticed weird growths on the leaves in some years. Silver Maple, Acer saccharinum L. Description. Some even change colors throughout the year, while others are translucent. – Susan Mahr, University of Wisconsin – Madison. Aphids are doing very well this summer, in spite of the wet rainy weather in July. Once the tree has stopped new growth, usually in early summer, the mites are unable to stimulate the abnormal growth to produce the galls. When you know you have a problem, act quickly. Thoroughly cover the tops and undersides of leaves until they glisten with moisture. punctatum. url : { filterview : "Program - Horticulture" } , These eight-legged arachnids get their name from being closely related to spiders and ticks. The adult mites spend the winter under the bark and other protective places on the trees. Seedlings aren’t safe, so frequently check for mites. Asked July 1, 2020, 2:08 PM EDT. Maples do best in cool climates and are not well adapted to southern or desert climates. If you see these leaves, avoid sitting or working under these trees. Asked July 1, 2020, 2:08 PM EDT. In spring, they move onto the new foliage and inject their saliva into the leaf tissues. Yes, the tree(and spidermites) is preparing itself for winter. The adult mites overwinter under the bark and in other protective places on the host tree. Maple Bladder Galls. Maple bladder galls are caused by extremely small mites only 1/125 inch long. Some maple bugs remain hidden within the tree but the damage they cause soon becomes evident. When mite populations are high, the galls may cover nearly the entire upper leaf surface. Once the leaf has expanded completely and reached its full size, the adult mites lay numerous eggs within the galls and die. The mites, less than 2mm long, are too small to be seen without magnifi cation. Under these conditions the leaves are seriously deformed, tending to “cup” and fall prematurely. Just as there is a wide variety of maple tree species and cultivars, there is an equally diverse assortment of insect pests that threaten these trees. The maple bladder gall mite, Vasates quadripedes (Shimer), is a tiny eriophyid mite that is associated with red, sugar, and silver maples. Maple Tree - Gall mites. This can result in brown or green blisters forming on leaves, or warty galls appearing on twigs, which is why these pests are sometimes called gall or blister mites. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. This type of gall is caused by the mite Vasates quadripedes, which attacks silver maple more commonly than red maple.
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